Orlaam and Baster settle in Namibia
Brutal raids between Orlaam, Herero and NamaDuring the first half of the 19th century, the Orlaam filtered into Namibia. The Orlaam were a sub group of the Nama who had had contact with European influences in the Cape Region. The Orlaam leader Jager Afrikaner withdrew far from the Cape Region after the Boorish government had sent out a punishment expedition against him. Jager Afrikaner had helped the government at the cape to chase San and Damara but had then turned criminal.
His son and successor, Jonker Afrikaner, supported the Nama who were under pressure from the Herero who were moving in. He helped the Nama drive them out of southern and central Namibia. However, Jonker Afrikaner still attacked Herero in 1850, after they had come to a peace agreement with the Nama. These brutal raids diminished the numbers of Herero significantly. When Jonker died in 1861, the Herero, who had meanwhile gained access to guns, fought against the Nama. After the peace of Okahandja in 1870 and ten peaceful years, the fights flared up again in 1880, when Jan Jonker Afrikaner, the grandson of Jonker Afrikaner, killed the oldest son of Herero Chief Maherero.
Baster settle in the region of Rehoboth
Around 1868, the Baster settled south of Windhoek, in the region of Rehoboth. The Baster were, as the name indicates, a people of bastards from Boors and Nama women who were pressurized by the Boors, south of the Oranje River. The Baster were the last pre-colonial immigrants.
Having already occupied the Cape of Good Hope in 1795, the British Crown occupied the islands on the Namibian coast in 1867 and in 1878, took over Walvis Bay.
In 1870, the Finnish Missionary Society began evangelizing the Ovambo.
In spite of calls for help from missionaries and traders, the British Cape government refused to be drawn into bloody tribe wars.